Tag Archives: Sitecore

Result of the Danish Sitecore Developer Group survey

The survey is now closed and here are the results:

q9 q7Danish Sitecore Developer Groupq6 q5 q4 q3 q2 q1


Free text comments received:

  1. I liked the way that DSDG has been untill now
  2. thank you ūüôā
  3. Great questions
  4. I think meetup could be extended to other .NET CMS systems and related technologies. Why not grouping with Umbraco, EpiServer etc. to broaden our knowledge.
  5. great to have a SC community like DSDG
  6. Good to see that the group is thriving. It’s a struggle to get things up and running here in au – keep the community-run group.
  7. If anything, clearer expectations of meeting content would be really nice. It would allow me to better decide whether to go or not – especially if the meeting frequency would go up (which I’d prefer). So for example, if someone was really into a particular subject, then they could get together and I would know better up front what the subject was really about
  8. Only been to 1 meeting, but it was a very positive thing and like to come to more

How to add a button to the sitecore content editor to download data as a CSV file

In this blog I will explain how to add a button to the content editor and download data as an CSV file. For this example I will assume that we want to download the data for a given web form for marketers form as a CSV file.

Adding the button
the button

Contextual Ribbons

You may not have noticed but this is a contextual ribbon that is it is only shown when the item is based on the forms template, as it gives no meaning to have the download data as CSV added to all items.

First you need to swap to the core database, and navigate to the Contextual Ribbons item for the content editor i.e. /sitecore/content/Applications/Content Editor/Ribbons/Contextual Ribbons.

This is where all the ribbons that are only shown for specific item types are¬†placed; within this folder there is a forms toolbar, which contains a form strip, which contains a forms chunk, which in turn contains the ‚ÄúExport Data as CSV‚ÄĚ button item.

button item
The most important part of the button item is the click field, which defines the command name that will be raised when the button is clicked (I will explain how to hook this up in more detail later).

But how is a contextual ribbon associated with a given template – well that part is easy on the template item under the appearance section there is a ribbon field which can define a contextual ribbon or toolbar to be shown.

co0ntextual form

How to hook the button click up to the code that is to executed? 

We have to add a command item to the /app_config/commands.config file to bind the command name to the class that is going to provide the functionality.

<command name="forms:exportformdata" type="WFFM.SQLServer.SaveToDatabase.Infrastructure.Commands.ExportFormDataCommand, WFFM.SQLServer.SaveToDatabase" />

The class must inherit from the Sitecore Command class, and override the Execute function.

    internal class ExportFormDataCommand : Command
        public override void Execute(CommandContext context)
            Assert.ArgumentNotNull(context, "context");
            Assert.IsNotNull(context.Items, "context items are null");
            Assert.IsTrue(context.Items.Length > 0, "context items length is 0");

            Item contextItem = context.Items[0];
            Assert.IsNotNull(contextItem, "First context item is null");
            OpenNewWindow(contextItem.ID, contextItem.Name);

        private void OpenNewWindow(ID id, string name)
            Assert.ArgumentNotNull(id, "id");
            UrlString url = new UrlString(Constants.Url.ExportFromDataPage);
            url.Append(Constants.QueryString.Name.ItemId, HttpContext.Current.Server.UrlEncode(id.ToString()));
            url.Append(Constants.QueryString.Name.ItemName, HttpContext.Current.Server.UrlEncode(name));
            SheerResponse.Eval(string.Format("window.open('{0}');", url));

Its not very elegant, but the code generates a URL which points to a aspx page that will stream the data. The Eval method of the sheer response, allows me to execute JavaScript on the client which in this case opens a tab/window.

The aspx page doesn’t do that much it just sets the ContentType to “text/csv” and streams the data.¬†If you want to see the complete implementation, you can download it from github

Hope this was helpful, Alan

Sitecore 7.5 SQL Provider (WFFM 2.5) – Added a button to download data as CSV

As promised I have added the ability to download the form data as an Excel spreadsheet (CSV) .

I have created an include file /app_config/WFFM.SQLServer.SaveToDatabase.config to bind the command to the class that exports the CSV.

<command name="forms:exportformdata" type="WFFM.SQLServer.SaveToDatabase.Infrastructure.Commands.ExportFormDataCommand, WFFM.SQLServer.SaveToDatabase" />

Open¬†the content editor navigate to any form, select the “Forms” tab, and click on the “Export Data as CSV” (see below).

For more information about the module please refer to original blog post, or get the sitecore package from sitecore marketplace  or the source code from GitHub for the source.

CSV button

Sitecore Fast Query Syntax ‚Äď Can kill your SQL Server or website

Over the years I have worked on lots of websites that have performance issue caused by sitecore queries that iterate over too many items, usually searching through descendants.

In development where there are not too many items the query performs OK. The site goes live and they start to add content and soon there are 1000’s of items and the queries becomes slower and slower over time. A typical example is searching for the 10 latest news, articles, blog’s etc.

At this point a fix is made by changing the queries to use the ‚Äúfast:‚ÄĚ syntax. There are a lot of articles already explaining this in detail, so this is just a brief intro, the fast syntax translates the query directly into an SQL server database query, and therefore for some queries it can perform faster, use less memory and less CPU.

But a warning it bypasses all caching that sitecore provides and make a request directly to the database every time the query is executed; in development this tends to outperform the standard queries that would have to iterate over a lot of items.

In development you usually test the normal query against the fast syntax query to establish if it is quicker and if it’s quicker you use it and everybody is happy… but that is not the full story.

Let‚Äôs assume each page generates 10-20 queries that rely on fast syntax to retrieve their items. Therefore each page request generates 10-20 calls to the SQL database, I‚Äôve seen sites that generate 100‚Äôs of SQL request per page ūüė¶

In development this would typically not be an issue and or not noticed, as only one page at a time is requested, but in a production on a website with lots of requests it can kill the SQL database and or slow the site down as sitecore itself cannot retrieve items form the database, as the SQL server is busy with all the fast queries.

Therefore you have to be VERY VERY CAREFUL with the use of fast queries.

I would say in 97% of cases – if your queries slow and it is caused by iterating over to many items the correct solution is to use Sitecore search i.e. lucene, Solr, Coveo or another indexer to retrieve the items.

No images after upgrading to Sitecore 7.5

With the release of Sitecore 7.2 encode name replacements now applies to media URL‚Äôs, prior to 7.2 it only applied to content items, and therefore media URL’s with spaces used to be like the following:


But with Sitecore 7.2, they can be as follows:


This change in fact caused all the images on the site I was upgrading to disappear, but first a quick introduction to Encoding name replacement.

It provides the ability to specify text replacements to use when the media manager generates the friendly URL for a media item. The element /sitecore/encodeNameReplacements in the web.config; contains a number of replace elements and each replace element defines what to find and replace.

      <replace mode="on" find="&amp;" replaceWith=",-a-," />
      <replace mode="on" find="?" replaceWith=",-q-," />
      <replace mode="on" find="/" replaceWith=",-s-," />
      <replace mode="on" find="*" replaceWith=",-w-," />
      <replace mode="on" find="." replaceWith=",-d-," />
      <replace mode="on" find=":" replaceWith=",-c-," />

Strangely enough replacing a space with a dash is not defined by default, but I have added it to almost every solution as %20 in URL’s kills SEO. Below is the element you need to add to achieve that spaces are replaced by dashes.

<replace mode="on" find=" " replaceWith="-" />

Nemesis and side effects

I have reported to Sitecore support a number of times that I thought that encode replacements should apply to media URL’s. So with 7.2 I got my wish and this is where nemesis strikes me as after upgrading to Sitecore 7.2 all the product images disappeared from the site.
The solution has over 50000 images which are synchronized from their PIM (Product Information Management) and name of media item had a space and a dash.
If you want to have spaces replaced with dashes the one restriction is that you can no longer have dashes in the items name. Because when Sitecore tries to resolve the URL it applies the reverse of any encode replacements i.e. sitecore replace all dashes with a space to find the item path.
For example assume that your media item has a space and a dash in its name.

/media library/cars/myCar 26-10-2013

The URL will be


But when Sitecore tries to resolve the URL to find the image it replaces all the dashes with spaces (i.e. the reverse of the encode name replacement) and then it can’t find the item at the following path.

/media library/cars/myCar 26 10 2013

There are a number of solutions

  • Write script to replace all dashes with a space in the media library
  • Create a custom media provider, which doesn’t execute the encode replacements.

Whist I try to avoid modifying standard sitecore behavior in this case I choose to override the GetMediaUrl of the MediaProvider, as it is not possible to change the image names due to the business requirements of the site.

Anyway I hope this helps anybody if there images disappear after upgrading to 7.5.

Is it time to change the item structure of sitecore?

I hope with this blog to start a discussion about how we structure non-content items within sitecore. It is not about Component based architecture, that is just to set the context.

Sitecore item structure has always been very type orientated, see below. Where the content is structured by type instead of its logical grouping (component) i.e. you have to store the templates under the template folder, sub layouts under the sub layout folder, etc.

by type

For many years I have used component¬†architecture¬†where the logical grouping is more important than type i.e.¬†Function before type.¬†Use “Agile design principle”, where functionality is logically grouped based on cohesion. Focus on re-usability, maintainability and releasable.

by comp

It provides a good way to model a websites, as a website typically consist of one or more pages types, where each page type contains a number of components. The image below helps identify typical components.

break down

Each component usually consists of a number of non-content items i.e. layouts, templates, renderings, media, settings, look up values, etc.

Whist the visual studio project for the component can group the related files (C# classes, sub-layouts, layouts, XSLT’s, images, etc.)  prior to Sitecore 7.x this is not possible for template, layout, etc. items, they have to be stored under their respective root item, which causes items being fragmented throughout the item structure.

To assists in locating items related to a component, we are forced to use folder naming conventions to help track where a components items are located:

  • Templates¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†/sitecore/templates/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/‚Ķ.
  • Sub-Layouts¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†/sitecore/layout/sublayouts/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/‚Ķ.
  • Renderings¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†/sitecore/layout/renderings/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/‚Ķ.
  • Layouts¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /sitecore/layout/layouts/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/‚Ķ.
  • Media Library¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /sitecore/media library/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/‚Ķ.
  • Data source items (i.e. drop down values for the component) ‚Äď usually specific to the implementation/component

SPEAK/ROCKS sets non-content items free!

Since the release of SPEAK and if you use Sitecore Rocks it is possible to store your template, layouts items etc. outside their respective root folder ūüôā

This is in fact the philosophy and best practices for SPEAK where each application must be self-contained and store all templates, layouts, data source items, etc. under the root application item.

The only exception to this, is the dictionary items which must be stored under the dictionary item, please Sitecore can you fix this ūüôā

This afore mention approach has the following advantages

  • Each component is self-contained an isolated from other components.
  • It is easier to maintain as all the items are grouped together and not spread out throughout the tree structure.
  • Easier to remove a component as you only have to delete a single¬†root item.
  • Easier to move a component from one website to another, as you only have to take the root and its children.

One issue it does not help with is if a component modifies the Sitecore client as that is defined in the core database.

So if we move to a SPEAK based structure for non-content items it could be as follows:

  • Templates¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†/sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/templates/‚Ķ.
  • Layouts¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/layouts/‚Ķ.
  • Sub Layouts ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬†/sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/sub layouts/‚Ķ.
  • Renderings¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/renderings/‚Ķ.
  • Media ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/media/‚Ķ
  • Data Source values /sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/data source/‚Ķ.
  • etc. ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† ¬† /sitecore/components/[COMPONENT NAME]/[…]/‚Ķ.

I have not had the opportunity to try this with a customer and the only issue holding me back is that it requires the use of Sitecore Rocks as the Sitecore client itself does not support templates/layout items outside of their folder.

I would love any feedback about the idea of moving templates, etc., out of their respective root folders for a web site, and not just for SPEAK applications.

Sitecore Save Event

I was asked to investigate why the Sitecore client for a Foundry solution was so slow, I discovered that the performance was due to an error in the Friendly names shared source module, whist the fix was relatively simple I decided that it would be a good idea to share some tips whist working with Sitecore events.
But before we dive into the problem and the solution, I thought it would be good idea to give a brief introduction to events and how to react to them

Introduction to Events

In Sitecore it is possible to subscribe to events and in fact cast your own events. Sitecore events are defined in the web.config under the section /configuration/sitecore/events. The Sitecore API events are grouped into the following type of events:

  1. Item – Item save, deleted, renamed, etc.
  2. Publish – Publish begin, complete, begin remote, etc.
  3. Security ‚Äď Login, Logout, etc.
  4. Template ‚Äď updated
  5. User ‚Äď Created, deleted, updated, etc.
  6. Roles ‚Äď Added, removed, etc.
  7. Database ‚Äď property changed.
  8. Id Table ‚Äď added
  9. Media events

How to subscribe for the item save event

In order to subscribe for item saving event you need to add your event handler to the event definition in the web.config, see below (note I removed all the the events for sake of clarity)


Then you have to implement the event handler which must accept a sender object and an event arguments object see below.


In order to get the item being saved, Sitecore provides a helper function to extract it from the event arguments (see above).

Raise Custom Events

It is possible to raise your own custom events, using the code below. Sitecore and a lot of modules raise their own events which are not defined in the web.config.

Event.RaiseEvent("myevent:happened", myObject, this);


Causing events within an event handler

Well let’s get back to the problem; the Friendly names module iterates over a number of items which defined rules i.e. what to string to find in the item name and what to replace it with.

The functionality is great as it allows the editors to create items with illegal characters, Danish characters etc. and they are replaced with a space and or the URL friendly version. Optionally the the display name updated with original name (with the illegal characters), when the item is saved (either after been created or after being renamed).

The problem came from the implementation where each time it iterated over a rule, EndEditing() was called twice, which in turn would cause an item:saving event to be cast.

cast event

Therefore each time an item was saved, it would generate over 100 save item events and therefore the Sitecore client started to run very slowly. If by mistake a rule had the same find and replace string the code would go into an infinite loop ūüė¶

There are 2 solutions

  1. Re-code the handler – so it iterates over all the rules and then checks if the name has changed, if so the name is updated (therefore if it contains one or more illegal characters only 1 additional saving event is cast)
  2. Disable events from be cast using new EventDisabler()){}

I do not like solution 2, as it is possible that after the item name changes other event handlers should react to the event, therefore I would strongly advise you use approach 1 as an single additional event is acceptable as the item did change.

Performance of event handlers

Always consider performance as the code will be called a lot and will affect the performance of the solution and specifically the Sitecore client.

So please ensure that the code has as small a performance foot print as possible and exit the code as soon as possible, here is a list of common things to check before you actually react to the event.

  1. Check template of item – In most cases you only want to react to an event from a specific type of item, therefore check if the item has that template if not exit.
  2. Check the database ‚Äď sometimes you only want to monitor events in specific database (i.e. save from the Sitecore client that affects the master database, therefore no need to react to save events for the web database)
  3. Check if the item is a content item
  4. Check if the item is a media item
  5. Check if the user is an administrator
  6. Check if the event affects an item

If the event handler takes a long time, consider starting a background task. In addition consider what to do if the code fails, therefore log as much as possible in the event of an error to help with debugging.

I hope this article helped as it has been my experience that 9 out of 10 performance issue are caused by slow code in pipelines or event handlers.

How to kill Sitecore with a Database connection

Well it’s been a while since my last blog due to the summer holidays and the fact that we have been very busy at Pentia.

Anyway here is my next installment in my ‚ÄúHow to kill Sitecore‚ÄĚ trilogy.

We recently took over a website that was having a lot of performance issues, and when I looked in the log files I noticed that the database connections were timing out.

So initially investigated if there was an issue with the SQL server, but after profiling and monitoring the database it appeared to have no performance issues, but I noticed that some of the exceptions were coming from the Heartbeat task.

What I believe the heartbeat tasks does among other things is to establish a connection for all the connections defined in the connections section, so that when the first request comes in the database connection is ready to retrieve the data from the SQL server.

The solution had a lot of include files some of which defined connections to databases that no longer existed.

So what happens when you have 4 connection strings that contain a reference to a databases that does not exists, well the hearth beat runs every minute and therefore creates 4 new connections every minute.

The connections were setup to timeout after 20 minutes which meant that after 20 minutes the heartbeat task had created and was waiting for 80 connections.

The problem is that the default max number of connections is 100, which left only 20 connections for the actually data providers that were configured correctly and when the site was busy this was not enough so they started to timeout, ¬†which in turn caused the site to run very slowly ūüė¶

To be honest it would of helped and been a lot quicker to find this error if .NET cast an CONNECTION POOL HAS REACHED IT MAX!!

But once this issue was found and I removed the unused connections, the site ran a LOT faster.

How to kill Sitecore whilst getting the languages for an item

I was reviewing a solution (not developed by Pentia) for a customer as they were concerned about the performance and stability of their site.

It didn’t take me long to find the following bit of code which calls the SQL server to find the languages for a given item:


I was shocked that anyone would not use the Languages property on the Item class, which would have replaced the entire function.

I think in all my years of Sitecore development this is the worst bit of code I have ever seen, it shows  a complete lack of respect for the API and if  the site was upgraded it is possible that the database schema could change and therefore the code would break!

On average the SQL query took 400mS (which is quite slow, but then again the SQL server was getting hit by 4 front end servers for every request).

The same call to the Item.languages took 0.1mS, this simple change made every request 400mS quicker and reduced the load on the SQL server considerably.